The new era of warfare is already here.

Somewhere in the sky above Nagorno-Karabakh a shrieking wail grows louder and louder. The sound is evocative of the infamous World War II Stuka dive-bomber as it careens downward to unleash its payload, but this isn’t a Stuka siren. This is an Israeli Aerospace Industries Harop kamikaze loitering munition. To those on the ground, it’s terror from the sky as they scramble for cover not knowing where the drone will detonate its 51lb warhead.

Across the region of Nagorno-Karabakh, drones have been causing mayhem. The IAI Harop drone is one of a growing number of autonomous weapons that provide…

An assessment of an emerging regulatory practice.

The digital revolution started out with the great promise of democratisation of knowledge, freedom of expression and communication, and neutrality. Algorithms were hailed as unbiased and efficient means to increase productivity and make decisions more transparent. Technology leaders predicted that “soon everyone on Earth will be connected” and that the digital revolution would “improve a wide range of inefficient markets, systems, and behaviours, in both the most and least advanced societies”. Most importantly to the technologists, this revolution was happening in a largely ungoverned space.

In recent years, it has become increasingly accepted…

A Proposal for an IPAI Framework.


The artificial intelligence revolution will potentially change the composition of all human society and might even transform humanity itself. The transnational, boundary-bridging character of AI calls for a multistakeholder platform of global governance. Based on a shared proposal of the governments of France and Canada, the Intergovernmental Panel on Artificial Intelligence (IPAI) aims to follow the example of the IPCC, its role model on climate change, to become the primary source of objective scientific advice on AI. …

Hintergrundwissen über eine Technologie, die die Welt verändert.

Die künstliche Intelligenz (KI) oder Artifizielle Intelligenz (AI, eng. Artificial Intelligence) befasst sich als Teilgebiet der Informatik mit der maschinellen Simulation und Automatisierung von intelligentem menschlichen Denken. Als integraler Bestandteil der digitalen Revolution und in Kombination mit bahnbrechenden Innovationen in der Biotechnologie wird die KI das gesellschaftliche, wirtschaftliche und politische Leben grundlegend verändern.

Definition der KI

Bereits 1948 prägte der amerikanische Philosoph Norbert Wiener mit dem Terminus Cybernetics den Versuch, die Informationsverarbeitung eines Computers der des menschlichen Gehirns nachzuempfinden. Der Begriff „künstliche Intelligenz“ geht auf den amerikanischen Informatiker John McCarthy zurück, der 1956 am Dartmouth College in New Hampshire eine…

On the struggle of faith between dataism and humanity.

A New Holy Scripture

Chris Anderson’s article The End of Theory as editor-in-chief of Wired magazine in 2008 is nothing short of a groundbreaking manifesto for the new religion of the 21st century: the data religion. In less than 1,500 words, he quite provocatively calls for replacing every scientific method from philosophy to physics with computational methods based on data.

While Anderson wrote this bold statement at a time when the first-generation iPhone lacked an App Store and ran on 2G connectivity, his argumentation is even more relevant today than it was in 2008. The data religion has attracted many…

Johannes Leon Kirnberger

I write about the intersection between politics, business, and technology. Graduate student @Columbia @SciencesPo Affiliate @TheFutureSociety

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